How to teach your child to read: important rules

Teaching your preschooler to read without discouraging interest in books is realistic. One of the steps is to explain to the child what is the cogat test used for.

How to understand that it’s time: signs of psychological readiness
The child speaks fluently in sentences and understands the meaning of what is said.
The child distinguishes between sounds (what speech therapists call a developed phonemic hearing). Simply put, your child will easily understand by ear where there is a house and an onion and where there is a tom and a hatch.
Your child can pronounce all the sounds and has no speech problems.
Your child understands directions: left-right, up-down. Let’s skip the point that adults often confuse right and left. For learning to read, it is important that your baby be able to follow the text from left to right and top to bottom.
8 rules to help teach your child to read
Lead by example
In a family where there is a culture and tradition of reading, children will reach for books themselves. Read not because it’s helpful and necessary, but because you enjoy doing so.

Read together and discuss uncluding cause and effect sample sentences.
You read aloud, and then together look at the picture, encouraging your child to interact with the book: “And who is it drawn? And show me the cat’s ears? And who is that standing next to it?” Older children can be asked more complex questions: “Why did he do that? What do you think will happen next?”

Go from simple to complex.
Start with sounds, then move on to syllables. Let words consisting of repetitive syllables be the first: ma-ma, pa-pa-pa, dya-ya, nya-nya. After these, move on to more complex combinations: ko-t, buh-k, do-m.

Show that the letters are everywhere.
Play a game. Let the child find the letters that surround him on the street and at home. These include store names, memos on information boards, and even traffic light messages: sometimes the green light says “Go” and the red light says “Wait for so many seconds.

Play again. Stack cubes with letters and syllables, make up words, ask your child to read you a sign or a package in a store.

Take every opportunity to practice
Whether you’re waiting in line at the health center or driving somewhere, pull out a picture book with short stories and have your child read to you together.

Build on success
Repeat familiar texts and look for familiar characters in new stories. The little bunny can be found in “Teremok” and “Kolobok”.

Don’t force it.
This is probably the most important thing. Do not take away your child’s childhood. Teaching should not be done through violence and tears.

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